ul. Partyzantów 27A
41-705 Ruda Śląska
ul. Skowronków 2a/8
Historical outline - OPERATION "MARKET GARDEN"
Launched on September 17, 1944, Operation Market Garden was the largest airborne operation of the Second World War. Its success could ensure a victory for the Allies over Germany as early as 1944. However, this did not happen. The commander of the 1st Independent Parachute Brigade, General Stanisław Sosabowski had no doubts what had failed. The bold concept developed by Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery assumed a combined attack by parachute ("Market") and land ("Garden"). The goal of the Allies was to control the bridge over two canals, the Meuse, the Waal and the Rhine in the area of the Dutch cities of Nijmegen and Arnhem. This would allow it to go to the German rear and deal a decisive blow to the Wehrmacht. After the operation began on September 17, 1944, it quickly turned out that the plan prepared by the British marshal had completely failed. The German forces were much more numerous than anticipated. In his memoirs entitled "The Road Was Falling Down", General Sosabowski described what, in his opinion, resulted in the ignominious defeat of the Allies at Arnhem. In the first place, he pointed to the bad assessment of the enemy's forces by Montgomery's staff. As another reason for the defeat, he mentioned "poor selection of airdrops and landing sites for the 1st Division, away from objects that had to be captured by surprise." At the same time, Sosabowski emphasized that "the speed of the British 30th Corps in reaching the Arnhem region was the basic condition for the success of the operation". And it was just this speed that was lacking.
Operation "Market Garden"